Condensation & Radiant Barriers
Condensation found under perforated radiant barriers is extremely
rare based on sudden extreme temperature differences between the air below the barrier
and above the barrier typically found in colder climates in the winter. This
condensation forms quickly and evaporates quickly so the chance of someone
even noticing an occurrence of it are very rare.
If you do stumble across condensation underneath your perforated
radiant barrier, it will evaporate with adequate attic ventilation. If you
are concerned, you can pull back a few sections of the barrier to increase the air
flow to the underside of the barrier to help carry out the moisture.
*** The following text is excerpted from the
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Radiant Barrier study.
Condensation of moisture can be a concern when a radiant
barrier is installed on the attic floor directly on top of conventional insulation.
During cold weather, water vapor from the interior of a house may move into
the attic. In most cases, this water vapor will not cause any problem because
attic ventilation will carry excess vapor away. During cold weather, a
radiant barrier on top of the insulation could cause water vapor to condense
on the barrier's underside.
Condensation of large amounts of water could lead to the
following problems: 1) the existing insulation could become wet and lose some
of its insulating value, 2) water spots could appear on the ceiling, and 3)
under severe conditions, the ceiling framing could rot.
Some testing has been performed to determine the potential
for moisture condensation with perforated radiant barriers laid on top of the
insulation. A test was conducted during the winter near Knoxville, Tennessee,
using houses that were operated at much higher-than-normal indoor relative
Since this testing did not reveal any significant moisture condensation problems,
it is expected that moisture condensation will not be a problem in climates
warmer than that of Knoxville. Further testing of radiant barriers is needed
to determine if moisture condensation is a problem in climates colder than that
Preventing Moisture Issues
One precaution for preventing potential moisture problems
is the use of perforated or naturally permeable radiant barriers. The higher
the perm rating, the less potential for problems. Avoiding high indoor
relative humidity, sealing cracks and air leaks in the ceiling, using a vapor
retarder below the attic insulation, and providing for adequate attic ventilation
are additional precautions.
Attic ventilation is also an important consideration. With
adequate ventilation, radiant barriers will perform better in summer and excess
water vapor will be removed in winter. Unfortunately, specific recommendations
for the best type and amount of attic ventilation for use with radiant barriers
are not available. Model building codes have established guidelines for the
amount of attic ventilation area per square foot of attic floor area to minimize
the occurrence of condensation. These guidelines specify one square foot of
net free ventilation area for each 150 square feet of attic floor area. This
ratio may be reduced to 1 to 300 if a ceiling vapor retarder is present or if
high (for example, ridge or gable vents) and low (soffit vents) attic ventilation
is used. Since part of the vent area is blocked by meshes or louvers, the net
free area of a vent is smaller than its overall dimensions.